The Indus River Valley's social structure was based on a caste system. The civilization began to flourish . The most powerful group of people in the Indus Valley Civilization were Brahmins. They were also known as the priests of the kingdom. Indus Valley Civilization 1. They were the rulers and warriors of the kingdom. Indus Valley civilization dates back to 2500 BC. Lastly, Agam sheds light on various important points related to the social life of people during Harappan Civilization. The people of the Indus River Valley were also restricted to many things within their class. There are many seals to support the evidence of the Indus Valley Gods. The Hidden Secrets of Indus Valley 2. A deep exploration of the Indus script and its evolution in the context of Indus civilization and other neighbouring Bronze Age cultures and their writing systems. plains of what are now Pakistan and northwestern India. was one of the world's . Indus Valley Civilization is the one of the oldest ancient civilizations of the world.Indus River Valley Civilization was discovered by the archaeologists in the 1920s. (a) Food-Vegetarian and non-vegetarian items of provisions were eaten by the subjects of Indus Valley Civilization.Significant stuffs of food comprised wheat, barley, rice, milk, fish, beef, mutton etc., in addition to date, which was their preferred fruit. In the middle period, this civilization progressed well. Egypt, Mesopotamia, China, and the Indus River Valley civilization all established a social system that relied on a hierarchy. This view is supported by the architectural layout found in the walled cities. Most people had small homes which were also used as workshops. Farming settlements began around 4000 BCE and around 3000 BCE there appeared the first signs of urbanization. LEVELS OF THE CASTE SYSTEM. The social class had their ruler (King / Queen / Emperor / Pharaoh), religious leaders, government officials, and writers at the top of their social class … The ancient world consisted of four great civilizations: China, Egypt, Mesopotamia, and the Indus Valley Civilization. Alandi Ashram. Harappan civili­ zation. There were four main social classes in Indus Valley. Civilization Sources Social Structure. These Priests were the ultimate rulers of the civilization, as they decided where everything would go, such as plants, and buildings. The Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilisation in the northwestern regions of South Asia, lasting from 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE, and in its mature form from 2600 BCE to 1900 BCE. Some seals show animals which resemble the two gods, Shiva and Rudra. The figurative use of cradle to mean "the place or region in which anything is nurtured or sheltered in its earlier stage" is traced by the Oxford English Dictionary to Spenser (1590). Valley . Introduction: The development made by human beings by establishing residence, housing, road, agriculture, art, education, dress, etc. INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION (Political, social, Economical & Religious life) GK PlaZa. about 4,500 years ago and was centered in the vast river . The next most powerful group of people were the Kshatriyas. Social Life of Indus Valley People . The art of handicrafts flourished. They were Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, and Shudras (Kings, Warriors, Artisans, Peasants). April 20, 2018. However, scholars do not know how this civilization began. Perhaps they were more concerned with commerce and they were possibly ruled by a class of merchants.Also, there was an organization like a municipal corporation to look after the civic amenities of the people. Scientific and archaeological proofs show the level of scientific and technical achievements of the early civilization. There are other evidences also to give a clear picture of the Indus life. first great civilizations. The Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilization (3300–1300 BCE mature period 2600–1900 BCE) located in the western region of South Asia, and spread over what … the first Just like the Sumer civilization of Mesopotamia and the Egyptian civilization, the government of the Indus Valley was ruled by religion; The Indus government was well organized. Citizens were born into their classes, and could not move, either. Social Organization of the Indus Valley Civilization The Indus Valley Civilization started around 2500 B.C.E. While there is some debate over the existence of a caste system in ancient Harappa, many archaeologists theorize that there was a hierarchical social structure in place. The Indus Valley Civilization was an ancient civilization located in what is Pakistan and northwest India today, on the fertile flood plain of the Indus River and its vicinity. It began nearly 5,000 years ago in an area of modern-day Pakistan and Northern India. This indicates that Indus Valley Civilization was the most extensive among all other ancient civilizations. The Period of Indus Valley Civilizations: • The Indus Valley Civilization consisted of three periods: Primary Period 3800 BC to 2500 BC Middle Period 2500 BC to 1700 BC Last Period 1700 BC to 1300 BC During the primary period, urban life made a great progress. One of the earlier models, focusing again on the cities and the larger scale, argued for a ‘culture–climate’ hypothesis, 15 which suggested that urbanization was the response to … The sanitary system and also the drainage system speaks of their cleanliness and public hygiene The caste system was a major impact on the class structure within Indus River Valley civilization. Social Life: The social life of the Indus people was highly developed. Geographical Extent of Indus Valley Civilization • The Indus Valley Civilization was spread over a very large area which is today a part of Northwestern India and Pakistan. The largest city in Mohenjo-Daro, present day Pakistan, with settlements stretched across the river. The social and economic life of the people of Indus Valley Civilization (Harappan Civilization) was systematic and organised. The Indus Valley Civilization is a very old, very mysterious civilization that not much is known about. • It covered an area of 1299600 Sq.metre. Indus civilization, also called Indus valley civilization or Harappan civilization, the earliest known urban culture of the Indian subcontinent. Indus Valley civilization is also known as ‘Harappan Culture’. The concept "cradle of civilization" is the subject of much debate. The large number of seals engraved with letters conveys the idea that there was good percentage of literacy among the Indus people. The archaeological excavation during the early 20 th century brought into light an extensive civilization in the Indian subcontinent; The Indus valley civilization represents the first phase of urbanization in India; The most of the Indus valley is situated at the valley of Saraswathi river; The Indus valley is spread across 1400 km northwest and 1600 km east-west 4. In the Indus Valley Civilization, the society was separated into three distinct groups. Next, he briefs completely about the economic life during that period. Evidence of religious practices in this area date back approximately to 5500 BCE. The Brahmins consisted of Priests, as the government was Theocracy. Indian History for UPSC CSE: Ancient History - Indus Valley Civilisation To Mauryan Empire Below is given a brief account of the social, economic and religious life of the Indus Valley people. History of the idea. to make their life happy, healthy and prosperous is known as civilization. Introduction to Political Life of Indus valley civilization: There is no clear idea of the political organization of the Indus Valley people. But the fourth and equally important one, the far more sophisticated Indus Valley Civilization, seems to have been lost to the world. Charles Rollin's Ancient History (1734) has "Egypt that served at first as the cradle of the holy nation". The Indus Valley religion is polytheistic and is made up of Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Farming settlements began around 4000 BCE and around 3000 BCE there appeared the first signs of urbanization. The third most powerful group of people were vaisyas. What was everyday life like in the Indus Valley? The Indus Valley Civilization was an ancient civilization located in what is Pakistan and northwest India today, on the fertile flood plain of the Indus River and its vicinity. Indus . Alongside the question of the social organization of the Indus Civilization is a debate over the causes of urbanization. From 2500-1700 BC, the Indus River Valley Civilization, also called the Harappan Civilization, settled along the southern Indus … The Indus River Valley Civilization, also known as Harappan civilization, developed the first accurate system of standardized weights and measures, some as accurate as to 1.6 mm. Indus River Valley Civilization — Societal Structure. The following facts prove the point: Indus Script: The food of the Harappan people was supplied from extensive areas cultivated in vicinity of the city. China, Mesopotamia, Egypt have been widely researched and are well known to us all. The study of remains illustrates that people were divided into four grades, namely- learned persons, warriors, businessmen and working class. What little is known is obtained from two things: Indus script, and archaeology of cities such as Harappa (which gave the civilization its name) and Mohenjodaro. Besides food was supplied from distant areas by boats plying on Loading... Unsubscribe from GK PlaZa? Dr. Jonathan Mark Kenoyer delivers the 23rd Gulestan and Rustom Billimoria Endowment Lecture at the Asiatic Society of Mumbai, Dec. 14, 2020. The Indus Valley was home to one of the world's first large civilisations. The social and economic life of the people of Indus Valley Civilization (Harappan Civilization) was systematic and organised. Evidence of religious practices in this area date back approximately to 5500 BCE. ... Indus Valley Civilization: Town Planning - Duration: 14:26. THE INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION. It was very hot in the Indus Valley so people spent a lot of time outside . This civilization is sometimes called the . The Indus Valley Civilization. THE CASTE SYSTEM. civilization . Other seals depict a tree which the Indus Valley believed to be the tree of life. The Indus Valley Civilization was a cultural and political entity which flourished in the northern region of the Indian subcontinent between c. 7000 - c. 600 BCE. 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