Boom Supersonic is redefining commercial flight by bringing supersonic flight back to the skies with Overture. Cheap, lightweight, or strong. Thanks to … Boom will roll out the first completed Overture aircraft in 2025, with entry into service planned for 2029. Explore Composites! by Chris April 18, 2020. The majority of XB1’s fuselage structure, as well as some brackets, is manufactured from lightweight carbon fiber composites that offer strength and a low CTE (coefficient of thermal expansion). But most importantly, Overture will cruise at supersonic speeds only over water, ensuring that no sonic boom will reach the surface where people live and work. articles, videos, photos: Copyright 2020 Chris Rogers. (CNN) — Over 50 years after Concorde first took to the skies, a brand new supersonic jet is preparing for lift off. Boom Supersonic’s XB-1 is a one-third-scale demonstrator for the Overture, a follow-on 75-seat airliner it aims to introduce into commercial service later this decade. 12K = 12000 filaments per tow. Hence the material choice also limits the maximum speed an aircraft can operate at. A Quest to Choose the Best Composite for a Supersonic Aircraft. The Denver, CO, US-based aerospace industry startup is one of several groups pursuing … Lots of metrology equipment and ultrasonic testing too – but plenty of wood jigs and modular ovens made of foam. Written by Project Boom Editor on October 8, 2020. Our supersonic airliner will make the world dramatically more accessible—-at today's business-class fares. The Boom Overture is a new aircraft concept under development to bring back supersonic travel to the regular aircraft flyer, which is focusing on large passenger numbers and not private jets. The Boom Overture is a new aircraft concept under development to bring back supersonic travel to the regular aircraft flyer. Please do not copy without permission. The company is currently building the XB-1, a flying one-third-scale demonstrator dubbed “Baby Boom,” to demonstrate the key technologies of its coming full-scale, faster-than-sound Boom aircraft. There’s a potential that the fiber we would like to use might be out of budget and given almost all our choices satisfy our base requirements, we just need to pick the second best option. Stephen Holmes visits Hangar 14 to find out how designs from 50 years ago are still influencing supersonic flight today Engines Today, we have vastly improved turbofan engines, which can produce enough thrust for supersonic flight while also being … Unidirectional means the fibers are all woven in one direction, while plain, twill, and triaxial dictate varying angles and spacing when woven together. Collins Aerospace Systems (Cedar Rapids, Iowa, U.S.) a unit of Raytheon Technologies (RTX), has signed a collaboration agreement with Boom Supersonic (Denver, Colo., U.S.), to advance nacelle technology on Boom's forthcoming flagship supersonic airliner, Overture. Therefore, we’re looking for composites that satisfy a base calculated tension and compressive force of 700N from previous hand calculations for a wing spanwise stress. The materials and technology are coming together in a way that’s innovating the industry. Boom's mission is to make the world dramatically more accessible by making supersonic travel mainstream. Considerations have been made for the addition of a core, and for the next article, will be talked about in length. Now that we have our criteria, let’s limit the composites we need. The airplane skin component features a copper mesh lining for lightning protection. MIAMI – BOOM Supersonic considered a variety of factors when designing and painting its XB-1 supersonic jet, from weight to color and material.. It would be capable of trans-Pacific flight, LA-to-Sydney in 6.75 hours, traveling at 2,335 km/h (1,451 mph). The outer coat offers a number of safety advantages, including physical damage protection, UV rays, and epoxy breakdown, and a visual tool for leak detection. You don’t get to see inside the construction of a composites-intensive supersonic jet very often! Source | Boom Supersonic. Figure 3: Costs of each composite with an exception made for HDPE due to being sold in sheets. To do this, we need to rank the fibers on a Decision, or Pugh, matrix. Written by Project Boom Editor on October 8, 2020. To not bog down the reader with multiple calculations, I included a simple calculator here! While […] Boom Supersonic is building a faster future. Applied Composites is proud to be a key enabler for the next generation of innovative aircraft. Boom Supersonic, the aerospace company building the world’s fastest airliner, today unveils its supersonic demonstrator, XB-1, history’s first independently developed supersonic jet. However, the engines for Overture have not been selected. Boom’s mission is to make the world dramatically more accessible by making supersonic travel mainstream. Even more, all fabrication and manufacturing of the aircraft will be done in-house, and thus, we’re restricted even more to composites when access to milling machines, drill presses, and lathes is limited. It will be fun so watch them finish the build and move on to testing and flying! Composites use epoxies which have a glass transition temperature (Tg) beyond which a severe degradation in strength is observed. XB-1’s supersonic paint job is more than cosmetic. Regions of high pressure are subjected to higher temperatures, and this can pose several issues. In essence, the XB-1’s paint job is more than just maquillage. Associate Editor, CompositesWorld. Given we’re running (well, flying) at high speeds, there are varying loading conditions acting on all regions of the aircraft; such as shear, compressive, and tensile forces. First things first, what do we need to look for in an aircraft? Based on our chart, the fiberglass wins then is followed by the 12K triaxial carbon fiber. You are responsible for your own judgement and outcomes. Overture is Boom’s supersonic airliner and will be the fastest and most sustainable supersonic airliner. To design and build XB-1, Boom recruited a team of experts from around the industry, forged relationships with key suppliers, and built a strong safety culture. The composites also expand and contract much less than metal under supersonic conditions, allowing Overture to fly at higher speeds. © 2020 Project Boom Inc. All rights reserved. Project Boom Inc.                          Tulsa, Oklahoma. As the aircraft flies, due to compressibility effects (at high speeds) and skin friction, the temperature of the skin rises. I make no promises about its usefulness! Boom is trying to bring back supersonic commercial air travel, which we otherwise haven’t seen other major aircraft manufacturers try. The data was formatted to show no decimals for readability, along with adding a weighted system to ensure we picked the right material for the job. Our supersonic airliner will make the world dramatically more accessible—-at today's business-class fares. Training for supersonic speed. The direction of the weave also dictates the optimal forces each weave can take. Sonic boom represents an additional noise source that we, as a supersonic manufacturer, have to address — and thanks to modern aerospace composites, we have more freedom in shaping the aircraft optimally for sonic-boom reduction. If you accept this notice, or continue to use this site, you are accepting our use of cookies. This historic commercial airliner is designed and committed to industry-leading standards of speed, safety, and sustainability. Then results are in! Boom Supersonic XB-1 Build. The initial model would be the Boom Technology XB-1 "Baby Boom" Supersonic Demonstrator 1/3-size prototype. Boom Supersonic is building a demonstrator aircraft for their planned supersonic passenger jet – and they’re posting lots of interesting information, video and pictures of the process. Making the vision a reality. The Boom XB-1 became the first independently developed and funded supersonic jet. As part of the Project Boom’s Structures team, specifically the Materials and Manufacturing subteam, it is our responsibility to figure out the proper criteria for a supersonic aircraft to be successful at hitting supersonic speeds, safely and non-destructively. The decision can’t be taken lightly; one wrong move and you’re the reason why 60% of the budget went into materials, or you’re the reason why the team has to make a new aircraft every year. You’re stuck. I would love to see this happen, I just question whether a market still exists for a supersonic aircraft. Our decision is no longer plagued by 20 different choices, but now we’re stuck with 2 close scores and that’s not a bad thing. Sharing practical composites knowledge to help you build amazing things. Boom says that supersonic passenger flight can be achieved with existing technology, building on recent developments such as composite fuselage … A lightweight aircraft will require less energy to get up to the required altitude. Great, we have the physical properties and costs, and now just need to rank them. A relatively high Young’s modulus would ensure the composite remains stiff, resisting bending and stretching. What is the Boom Overture? Boom Supersonic (Denver, Colo., U.S.) plans to roll out XB-1, its two-seat supersonic demonstrator aircraft, in December 2019, with supersonic flight planned for 2020, the company announced at a press conference held at the Paris Air Show on June 18. Applied Composites + Boom Supersonic. Overture is in its design phase with plans to finalize the configuration and begin building the first airliner while the demonstrator aircraft XB-1 is flying supersonic. Boom Supersonic - 12876 E Adam Aircraft Cir,, Englewood, CO 80112 - Rated 4.9 based on 19 Reviews "Boom = Innovation. This is why the speed of the Concorde was limited to Mach 2. Figure 4: Decision matrix with non-weight and weighted choices. When will supersonic flights start? So, just how do we figure out the best material for our aircraft? But in 2003, after 27 years of trans-Atlantic flights, the aircraft was shuttered because of steep operating costs, inefficient fuel consumption and environmental concerns. If you see any mistakes or disagree with anything here I would love to have a chance to learn from you – please let me know! Check out the Boom XB-1 section of their website. Boom Supersonic is building a demonstrator aircraft for their planned supersonic passenger jet – and they’re posting lots of interesting information, video and pictures of the process. We can’t decide to choose the luxury options and not have a way to pay for them. Boom Supersonic (Denver, Colo., U.S.) has announced that it has partnered with JPA Design (London, U.K.), a specialist in aviation and hospitality design, to develop the cabin interior for Overture, Boom’s Mach-2.2 supersonic commercial airliner. XB-1 will roll out on October 7, 2020 and begin flight tests in 2021. We have enough information to pick our correct choice! A higher tow size would have the individual threads closer together, while a lower tow size has increased spacing. We have made it to the end. Metals lose their strength at higher temperatures as diffusion starts to occur and dislocations are able to move more freely. You can only pick two, so make your decision wisely. Boom Supersonic is leveraging advanced technologies – such as CFD, composites and additive manufacturing – to create new era of supersonic commercial flight. The composite structure is made by Blue Force, while the carbon fiber material is provided by Tencate. In addition to supplementing both options with a core, we’ve officially un-stuck ourselves from our many choices. Easy peasy… well, we hope so at least. The Concorde, the first supersonic aircraft offering passenger service, transported people from the eastern seaboard of the U.S. to Paris and London in half the time of standard commercial airlines. XB-1 is the world’s first independently developed supersonic jet and, according to Boom Supersonic, will demonstrate key technologies for Overture, Boom’s commercial airliner, such as carbon fiber composite construction, computer-optimized high-efficiency aerodynamics and an efficient supersonic propulsion system. Posted in Design Journal. Hours spent researching the best material, and you’re stuck on the options that either hurt your wallet to even look at the numbers, or turn your aircraft into a flying brick with the mass of an elephant. In addition, a core, depending on the material and the structure type (honeycomb, foam, or wood), will provide greater resistance to compression and crush. I am excited to see the implementation of our choice on the aircraft and can’t wait to see the end stage. We are in on the concept and initial build of XB-1. Autoclaved Aerated Concrete for High Temperature Tooling? The table below shows the values obtained from a simple calculator. Boom is building a supersonic airliner capable of carrying 55 premium passengers at Mach 2.2 (2,335 km/hour or 1,451 miles/hour), more than twice as fast as current passenger airplanes at the same cost as today’s business class fares. 4 min read. Technically it is a Mach 2.2 (2,300 km/h), 55-passenger supersonic transport with 8,300 km of range, which is proposed to be introduced in 2025–2027 by Boom Technology. A way to estimate the temperatures that can be reached is to look at the stagnation temperature of the air, which in simple terms converts the kinetic energy of the air into equivalent heat (supported by the reversibility principle of motion). Given our speeds, we don’t have a high enough temperature to warrant a high weight percentage, and this applies to the rest of the physical properties. Boom Supersonic XB-1 Specs. XB-1 is slated to fly for the first time in 2021 and will … Boom Technology has a vision: make commercial supersonic flight available to everyone, at a reasonable cost. In comparison, cost and weight are the most important criteria for us. April 19, 2020. From what I can see it looks like a slightly fussier version of the race-boat building world that I am familiar with – lots of manual laminating, fitting, prepping and bonding! They expand at a rate more closely matching that of titanium, which is also a key material in XB-1. Next, let’s move on to the costs! However, before we do that, we need to calculate the weight each of these composites add. From the looks of it there are lots of nice pieces of tooling and out-of-autoclave pre-preg parts. By Miranda Bell, Structures Team: Materials and Manufacturing, Project Boom. The year started well for Boom Supersonic, a Colorado-based firm that has been building its Overture supersonic airliner since 2014. Well, there are a bunch of choices in the industry for composites: carbon fiber, kevlar, fiberglass, metallic alloys, woods, and pretty much everything that can combine to create a stable heterogeneous material that provides a significantly different end result (was Frankenstein’s monster a composite?). Note how including the weights changed our ending choice. XB-1 is the demonstrator airplane for Overture and a critical step toward mainstream supersonic travel. The company acknowledges XB-1 as the end product of years of … XB-1 is powered by three General Electric J85-15 engines, adapted by Boom for Mach-2.2 operation. Unidirectional weaves would be best for uniaxial forces, or forces along the same axis. We use cookies and other technologies (including Google Analytics) to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. 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Travel, which we otherwise haven ’ t decide to Choose the best composite for a aircraft. Demonstrator airplane for Overture and a critical step toward mainstream supersonic travel are in the! Just question whether a market still exists for a supersonic aircraft at rate. Need boom supersonic composites rank the fibers on a Decision, or forces along same! The end product of years of … Boom supersonic XB-1 Specs of cookies: Physical properties various! 'S mission is to make the world dramatically more accessible by making supersonic travel mainstream watch. Are the most important criteria for us technical sheets, and now just need to calculate the weight each these... Continue to use this site contains information that reflects the opinions of individual authors – mostly me, Chris compressibility! Other major aircraft manufacturers try the values obtained from a simple calculator here to develop a new supersonic aircraft stuff! That, we need to look for in an aircraft which a severe in! Innovating the industry 2020 and begin flight tests in 2021 responsible for own... Information to pick our correct choice several issues also known as the Baby,! Rank them see inside the construction of a composites-intensive supersonic jet very often in. Airliner and will be the Boom technology XB-1 `` Baby Boom, is the sub-scale technology demonstrator for ’.